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Determinants of Urban Youth Unemployment; Evidence from East Gojjam Zone, Ethiopia

Author: AYNALEM SHITA and MULUGETA DEREJE
Published in IJED, Vol. 11 No. 2

The main objective of this study is to identify and examine the demographic and socio-economic determinants of urban youth unemployment in East Gojjam Zone of Amhara Region, Ethiopia. To achieve the specified objective, primary data was collected from 397 sample urban youths and logit model was employed to analyze the collected data. While age, work experience, skill match, social network and family prosperity are identified as negative and significant determinants of urban youth unemployment, education and migration status of urban youths affected unemployment positively and significantly. Hence, efforts should be made to reduce the level of unemployment by increasing job opportunity for educated and non- experienced youths, reducing rural-urban migration and provision of relevant information for job seekers.

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