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Stakeholder Groups in Chocó Mining in the 19th and 20th Centuries

Author: ZAMANTHA XAFIRO REY ARRIAGA and MOISÉS OSWALDO BUSTAMANTE RÚA
Published in IJED, Vol. 12 No. 1

The department of Chocó is the second largest producer of gold, and the first largest producer of alluvial platinum in Colombia. This territory is born of the Spanish explorations whose aim was to increase wealth. Thus began the Real Mines. Furthermore, the highest level of mining technology comes into play during the nineteenth century, generating economic growth and allowing for the diversification of economic activity, regionally.
This paper characterizes four stakeholder groups (i.e., academy, entrepreneurs, government, and society) in order to identify the role that each stakeholder has played in Chocó mining activity. This work is based on a secondary bibliographic review that specializes in mining issues. Moreover, this research is pioneering because it is the only documentation that collects, in a single document, all the published mining history of one of the regions with the highest gold and platinum wealth in all of Colombia.
Ultimately, entrepreneurial stakeholders comprised the group with the greatest power since this group made possible the modernization of mining activity. Civil society established tools for work safety and safety within the territory. The participation of the academy was minimal because there were no institutions execute training. However, the different political-administrative regimes that existed in the territory promoted political-administrative and social conflicts that privileged certain actors.

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