A Comparative Analysis Of Regional Development In Sabah And Sarawak: An Analysis With Shift Share Techniques
Author: AU YONG HUI NEE, CHEW PEI SHAN, CHEW YI TAU, MOK JIA YING, SIM SHI YANG, and WONG SHIN CHET
Published in IJED, Vol. 12 No. 2
The aim of this research is to investigate the employment competitive advantages in five sectors which are agriculture, hunting, forestry and fishing, mining and quarrying, manufacturing, construction, and services in Malaysia, Sabah and Sarawak from 2005 to 2015. The employment across sectors in Sabah and Sarawak has been the major concern that urges us to conduct this research. Specifically, this research studies the effect of sector gross domestic product (GDP) on regional employment conditions. In analysing towards the employment competitive advantages, shift share analysis was utilized. The result shows that from 2005 to 2015, Sarawak has its competitive advantage shift from manufacturing to construction and services sector while maintain in mining and quarrying sector. Whereas in Sabah, the employment competitive advantage appears in almost all sector while competitive disadvantage shift from manufacturing to mining and quarrying from 2005 to 2015. The finding recommends that government should emphasis in improvement of infrastructure for better regional development. Other than that, it is suggested that government should have efficient capital allocation in expansion of high value added industries, goods and services while promoting tourism development.