Management of Semi-Public Organizations in Complex Environments
ALEXANDER W. WISEMAN, PH.D.
PAM, Vol. 9 No. 2, (2004)
Management activities in schools are unique compared to those of managers in other
public organizations because of the character of schools as public service as well as
publicly-funded organizations where high degrees of organizational autonomy and
external penetration are both expected and required. There are rich discussions of
various relationships between managerial activity and organizational context. And, while
these discussions are not unique to the educational literature, special attention has been
given to the association of managerial activities with organizational outputs of schools.
There has, however, not been much attention to the effect the semi-public nature of schools
has on school management In keeping with the theme of this symposium issue of Public
Administration and Management: An Interactive Journal, this paper addresses school
management and the nature or influence of the public context on management activities in