Subnational Economic Development and Environmental Policy in an International Context
IJED, Vol. 4 No. 3, (2002)
Over the past two decades, there has been a growing recognition that subnational actors are playing an increasingly energetic role in foreign affairs. The once robust notion that U.S. foreign affairs rest solely within the purview of the central government has become a relic of a bygone era. States, in particular, both out of necessity and as a result of new opportunities, have stepped onto the international stage in a variety of policy areas – including economics, environmental protection, politics and culture – not as stand-ins for the federal government, but as sovereign actors with their own unique role.
Using Event History Analysis, this study draws on general policy adoption and diffusion theory to investigate the motivations of states adoption of international economic development (IED) and international environmental (IEnv) policy. The results of this analysis provide important insights into the similarities and differences in subnational environmental and economic development foreign policy adoption.