Innovation Without Change?
GPS, Vol. 2 No. 4, (2002)
Since the 1980s, urban transportation has been a recurring problem posed to public authorities. The problems linked to this policy field are very diverse and concerned economic, environmental, technical, fiscal, institutional and democratic questions. Local authorities are facing a situation in which they have to modernize their policies through innovative practices. This article deals with the question of innovation in five European cities (Geneva, Lyon, Naples, Munich and Stuttgart) and evaluates their capacity to innovate.